## Arrays Interview Questions

- 1of 1 vote
Write code/ logic to count number of words in a string delimited by " ". Anything apart form " " are ignore for the counting. String could be very big as big as 5 GB of data. So add logic to handle such large strings..

ex: aaa b c ddd e = Count (5)

aaaaaaaaaaa = Count(1)

a

b

c

d

Count(1) as there are no spaces rather carriage returns are found.

PS: In case above question is not clear do let me know.

- 0of 0 votes
Given a array of positive integers, you have to find the smallest positive integer that can not be formed from the sum of numbers from array.

- 0of 0 votes
Given an array A and an array B. Sort all the elements of A in the order of B. Sort the remaining elements.

e.g.

A = {4,2,7,6,8,9,1,3,2,5,6}

B = {6,3,4,1}

Output= {6,6,3,4,1,2,3,5,7,8,9}

- 2of 2 votes
Given a large array of unsigned ints, quickly find two who's sum is 10

Then the interviewer asked me to write test cases.

Followed by how to implement this on a distributed system, where multiple systems can read/write simultaneously on a shared cache (HINT: It is ok if you do not return the first instance)

- 0of 0 votes
A parent array P is given where P[i] denotes the parent of the ith node in the tree(the tree is generic). Parent of root is indicated with -1. I need to find the height/depth of tree. (Best sol in O(n))

- 0of 0 votes
Given a sorted array with some sequenced numbers and some non-sequenced numbers. Write an algorithm that takes this array as an input and returns a list of {start, end} of all consecutive numbers. Consecutive numbers have difference of 1 only.

E.g. of array:

[4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 22, 23, 24, 27]`public class Range { private int begin; private int end; public int begin { get; set; } public int end { get; set; } }`

- 1of 1 vote
Java: You're given a very large array of char's. Write a method to remove duplicates in the array, in place. Optimize for space complexity, not time complexity.

- 0of 0 votes
Input : {7,4,2,5,1,9,6}

Output :{1,4,6 ,9,7, 5, 2}

- 3of 5 votes
You're given an array of integers(eg [3,4,7,1,2,9,8]) Find the index of values that satisfy A+B = C + D, where A,B,C & D are integers values in the array.

Eg: Given [3,4,7,1,2,9,8] array

The following

3+7 = 1+ 9 satisfies A+B=C+D

so print (0,2,3,5)

- 0of 0 votes
find out the subset of an array of continuous positive numbers from a larger array whose sum of of the elements is larger in comparision to other subset. eg: {1,2 5 -7, 2 5} .The two subarrays are {1,2,5} {2,5} and the ans is {1,2, 5} as its sum is larger than{2,5}

- 0of 0 votes
write a program to return min value from an unsorted array of integers. How many assignment operations happen within the loop?

- 3of 3 votes
Suppose that each row of an n x n array A consists of 1's and D's such that, in any

row i of A, all the 1's come before any D's in that row. Suppose further that the

number of 1's in row i is at least the number in row i+ 1, for i= 0, 1, ... .n - 2.

Assuming A is already in memory, describe a method running in O(n) time (not

O(n2) time) for counting the number of 1's in the array A.

- 0of 0 votes
Given an array and a number, find two integers that sums to the given number.

- 5of 5 votes
Given three arrays A,B,C containing unsorted numbers. Find three numbers a, b, c from each of array A, B, C such that |a-b|, |b-c| and |c-a| are minimum

Please provide as efficient code as you can.

Can you better than this ???

- 0of 0 votes
Given an array of positive and negative numbers(no zeroes),i have to arrange them in such a way that the positive and negative numbers should be arranged consecutively.The number of positive and negative numbers may not be equal i.e. if there is no positive number(or negative) left,then all the remaining negative numbers(or positive) are appended to the end of the array.The order is important i.e.if input array is { 2,-1,-3,-7,-8,9,5,-5,-7},then the output array should be {2,-1,9,-3,5,-7,-8,-5,-7}.The code is done in O(n) without using another array.I came up with a solution in which i chose 0 as pivot element and separate the numbers (using quicksort) but in this case the order is not preserved.

- 0of 0 votes
Given a sorted array of 0â€™s and 1â€™s. Find out the no. of 0â€™s in it. Write recursive, iterative versions of the code.

- 0of 0 votes
Write a function that accepts an n-dimension array and prints its values--For array of any dimension.

What is the layout of multi-dimensional array in the memory?

- 0of 0 votes
What does an iterator in C++ point to in case of a vector vs. list. Where would it point to if the prior links are deleted in the list? In case of a vector if it points to a specific index, where would it point to if the prior indexes are deleted?

- 0of 0 votes
Design a system like friend's functionality in facebook. should have all features of facebook's friends functionality. like for each person , he can have any number of friends , he will get suggestions for new firends , showing common friends if we visits any other profile . algo should be scalable , robust .

- 0of 0 votes
Design a phone book such that fields are searchable with name , with number. Later enhanced teh question asking searchable with address as well.

- 1of 1 vote
How to design a multi key hash map ( key count can be dynamic. if there are two keys , initiallly which can be used to find the value , keys can be increased to three as well ex: consider school structure. Intially , consider , student id is key , later , should be searchable even with key name , later with grade.

- 1of 1 vote
Design a telephone directory for large ppl (he gave example like design for India). fields will be , first name , last name , number . this should be searchable with first name , last name , number as welll.

later added more complexity like do the same for organisation where even it contains designations. so this should be searchable with designations.

- 1of 1 vote
(Bar Raiser Round)

Divide the array(+ve and -ve numbers) into two parts such that the average of both the parts is equal.

Input:

[1 7 15 29 11 9]

Output:

[15 9 1 7 11 29]

Explanation:

The average of first two elements is (15+9)/2 = 12, average of remaining elements is (1+7 +11 +29)/4 = 12

- -4of 6 votes
You have an array of integers(size N), such that each integer is present an odd number of time, except 3 of them(which are present even number of times). Find the three numbers.

Only XOR based solution was permitted.

Time Complexity: O(N)

Space Complexity: O(1)

Sample Input:

{1,6,4,1,4,5,8,8,4,6,8,8,9,7,9,5,9}

Sample Output:

1 6 8

- 2of 2 votes
Code a function that receives an array with duplicates and returns a new array keeping the original order of the elements but with the duplicates removed.

For example, if the input were`@[ @"dog", @"cat", @"dog", @"fish" ]`

the output would be

`@[ @"dog", @"cat", @"fish" ]`

Tell the complexity of the solution.

- 0of 0 votes
You are given an array of N elements. Each element in the range Min of int to Max of Int. You need to find the length of longest sequence in this array such that difference of largest and smallest element of that sequence is 1. The sequence need not be sequential.

For e.g. array[]={6,10,6,7,8,9,0}

seq {6,10} = diff is 4 len 2

seq { 10,7,8} diff is 3 len 3

seq { 7,8,9} diff 2 len 3

seq {6,6,7} diff is 1 len 3

In this example the program should return 3 .

Complexity N*longN

- 1of 1 vote
You are given a matrix where some pixels are white and some are black. Basically there are different disjoint images in the matrix.

a) Expand/Shrink the images

b) Count the no of images

c) Color the images

d) Rotate the images

- 5of 5 votes
The input is a sequence x1,x2,...,xn of integers in an arbitrary order, and another sequence

a1,a2,..,an of distinct integers from 1 to n (namely a1,a2,...,an is a permutation of

1, 2,..., n). Both sequences are given as arrays. Design an 0(n logn) algorithm to order

the first sequence according to the order imposed by the permutation. In other words, for

each i, Xi should appear in the position given in ai. For example, if x = 17, 5, 1,9, and a =

3, 2, 4, 1, then the outcome should be x = 9, 5, 17, 1. The algorithm should be in-place, so

you cannot use an additional array.

- 1of 1 vote
give me the code for :

Given a string say "I am a human being" the output should reverse all letters of each word but not the whole string as such.

Eg: O/p should be "I ma a namuh gnieb"

I somewhat wrote the code, but i was asked what if there are extra spaces etc.

(i am able to write the code sitting at my desktop at one short but there front of interviewer i am struggling. Need to build up my confidence)

let me know the best and optimised way of writing this code.

Also i suggest people to aviod using inbuilt functions as much as possible

My Answer is as below in perl`#i want the reverse of the letters of all words in a string #eg Input is "I am a human being" then o/p shud be "I ma a namuh gnieb" $str="I am a human being"; @arr=split(' ',$str); print @arr; for($i=@arr-1;$i>=0;$i--) { $_=@arr[$i]; ####intead of above for loop if we use foreach(@arr) then it will reverse the whole string @word=split('',$_); { foreach $n (@word) { unshift(@final,$n); } } } print "\n @final \n";`

- 0of 0 votes
give me a code to find all anagrams or combnations of a given work.

Say if the word given was "hello"

then

hel

he

hell

leho

lleho

and so on